violence in sport - • Drinking Crowd • Meaning...

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11/10/2007 07:06:00 SPAD 391 Both Theories widely believed but neither supported by research Socially Learned Theory of Aggression Sociologically based Aggression is a socially learned behavior Aggression perpetuated when rewarded, in habited when punished * Holds most esteem in sports studies  Violence in Society  Integral part of  History Society  Masculinity  Integral part of sport o Often sanctioned o Ridicule those who can’t “deal/suffer the blows”  o Historically, violence inherent  Types of Violence in Sport On Field o Borderline violence
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On Field to off-field  o Domestic violence, sexual assault, hazing o Data inconclusive on transference  Celebratory / fan violence o Little research but growing trend  Situational Factors Conducive to Fan Violence Large Crowd Dense Crowd  Noisy Crowd Standing Crowd Crowd Composition (young college students / males) 
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Unformatted text preview: • Drinking Crowd • Meaning / importance of game • Location of game (home/ away) • Crowd Control strategies presence • Action on field o Perceived violence on field positively related to crowd violence o Violence on field left unpunished ← Reducing Fan violence • Improving physical facilities • Increasing security • Limiting sale of alcohol • Increasing penalties (severe punishments) ← Contributors of Agression/Violence : Athletes • Techniques/Strategies of game • Sport Ethic • Paid “enforcers” • Coaches / Administration • Type of sport played • Masculine ideology • Steroids • Parents/ fans • Mass Media o Attention o Slow Motion Replay o ← 25 MC ?’s ← Short Answer ← No Religion Sport ← Not on Study Guide/ Not on Test 11/10/2007 07:06:00 ← 11/10/2007 07:06:00 ←...
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