Chapter 18 - Chapter 18- Foreign Policy in the National...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 18- Foreign Policy in the National Security State Elite Democrats: o Claim that foreign policy even more than domestic policy, requires the superior expertise and talent of elites o Ordinary citizens are generally ignorant about events in other nations and are prone to emotional and fickle responses inconsistent with a realistic and stable foreign policy o Foreign policy should be left in the hands of the president and the diplomatic military experts Beginnings of the Democratic Debate over Foreign Policy: o Alexander Hamilton, original elite position o Argued new US needed professional armies and navies o President is the dominant figure o Congress lacked the information and experience to make wise decisions in foreign policy and could not act swiftly to keep diplomatic secrets o Hamilton and his faction of Federalist created the first American military establishment o Anti Federalist feared establishment o A standing army might overturn republican institutions and seize power for its commander o Might become a dangerous tool for the executive, tempting him to crush his domestic opponents, or launch aggressive military adventures abroad o Wanted to rely on state militias composed of armed citizens o Believed American should relate to the rest of the world as an example of how a people could flourish in freedom and self government Isolation and Expansion: o Isolationism : The idea that apart from commercial relations, the US should stay out of the political and military quarrels of the rest of the world; the core principle of American foreign and defense policy from the founding until WWII o Expansion : 19 th C activities by the US to extend the nation to the pacific Ocean and to gain territorial acquisitions in Latin America and Asia o Expansion drove Native Americans from their ancestral lands o Elite and popular democrats had a lot to do with expansion The Democratic Debate over the Cold War: o Cold War : a forty year struggle between the US and its allies, championing the cause of democracy and capitalism, and the Soviet Union and its allies, championing the cause of communism. o
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POL 100 taught by Professor Latimer during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Cortland.

Page1 / 4

Chapter 18 - Chapter 18- Foreign Policy in the National...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online