Chapter 2 CQ
Building and fire codes provide uniform and consistent information for all parties
involved in the construction of buildings and maintain occupant safety throughout the
life of a building.
A code is a system of rules, regulations, or laws that is usually put into effect by
government and has statutory authority to be enforced. A model code is a is a guideline,
standard, or rule written by a non-government organization.
The NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) and the ICC (International Code
The ICC formed because of two political events, first the ratification by (NAFTA) allowed
tariff-free trade between Mexico, Canada, and the US. Second, the formation of the
European Common Market and European Union eliminated trade boundaries between
many European countries, developed a common currency, and formed a large regional
political entity with the purpose of promoting European and global economies.