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Quiz 1 Study Guide

Bacteria and archaea what is eukaryotic has membrane

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Unformatted text preview: cells Cell structure is disrupted = life jeopardized Cells only come from other cells What are the two main types of cells? Prokaryotic and eukaryotic What is prokaryotic? No nucleus or other membrane enclosed organelles, simpler and smaller, unicellular What are examples of prokaryotic? Bacteria and Archaea What is eukaryotic? Has membrane enclosed organelles and nucleus, multicellular What are examples? Plants, animals, fungi, all other forms of life What is the substance of genes? DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid What is the structure of DNA? Double helix, Watson and krick How does DNA become RNA? Transcription How does RNA become prtein? Translation What are all humans? Diploid What is DNA and RNA made of? Nitrogenous base + sugar + phosphate What is the sugar? Deoxyribose or ribose What are the bases? A, T, C, G, U What is taxonomy? Categorization and classification scheme for organizing living organisms, based on similarities and differences Who came up with it? Carolus Linnaeus used bino...
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