Battle of Shiloh and Pittsburg Landing.pptx - Battle of...

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Battle of Shiloh and Pittsburg Landing (April 1862) Were the Union soldiers caught by surprise, and would the Confederates have won if General Beauregard had not called off the assaults? David Wright - HIST 101
The Battle of Shiloh was a monumental fight, but one of the least understood. After the fall of 2 Confederate Forts in Kentucky, the Union had moved South into Tennessee “preventing reinforcements between the rebel armies in Virginia and those in the west, effectively splitting the Confederate in two”. The Confederate General Johnston had moved his armies into Corinth, MS where a railroad had the capability to merge east and west reinforcement for the Rebels. However, the Unions General Grant had setup camp at Pittsburg Landing, TN just 22 miles north, where he awaited reinforcement from General Buell. “Johnston anticipated a Federal move against Corinth”, and had planned an attack on Grants army at Pittsburg Landing before Buell could reinforce them. Johnston had set motion for the attack on 3 April, but with heavy rains they could not get into position until the night of 5 April. For the Union forces “most of the men were unprepared for the onslaught.” “Brigadier General William T. Sherman, the senior division commander at Pittsburg Landing while Grant was downriver at his headquarters, had dismissed reports warning of a Confederate advance, refusing to believe that Johnston would leave Corinth.” Once the Confederates had attacked, they were pushing forward, causing the Union forces to withdraw Northeast. With the recent heavy rainfall, most roadways were flooded making it hard to for the Confederates to counter attack and advance much further. This labeled the area known as the “Hornets Nest” with musket fire and artillery striking the Confederates from all sides. General Johnston lead attack on the left side of the field where he was shot and bled out to his death.

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