Chapter 3 Notes - those who practice their familiar customs...

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Chapter 3 Notes Enculuration – when a child learns his or her culture Culture is learned by observing, listening, talking, and interacting with others, enculturation unifies those with common ground and experience. Core Values – key, basic, central values that integrate each culture and distinguish it from others Ideal Culture consists of what people say they should do and what they say they do, while real culture refers to their actual behavior as observed by others. National Culture consists beliefs, learned behavior patterns, values, and institutions that are shared by people of the same nation, while International Culture , goes beyond national boundaries. Subculture – different symbol-based patterns and traditions associated with certain groups in the same complex society, such as different religions and enthic groups with in the same country. Ethnocentrism tends to contribute to social solidarity, bring a sense of value into one’s culture, because
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Unformatted text preview: those who practice their familiar customs believe them to be right and true, and view other behavior and strange or savage. Culutral Relativism – the viewpoint that behavior in one culture should not be judged by the standards of another culture, which means that there is no supeior or univerisal morality or ethnic belief. Human rights – challenging cultural relativism by invoking justice and morality above laws and customs of certain countries or practices. Cultural Rights – a group’s ability to perserve its culture, to raise it’s children, continue language, and to not be deprived of it’s economic base by the nation it is located in. Diffusion – borrowing traits from different cultures. Acculturation – exchange of cultural features that results when groups have continous firsthand contact. • Certain words and adjectives can give the idea of having a judgemental bias on different cultures....
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