Daily Readings for Final

Daily Readings for Final - Daily Readings for Final EE...

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Daily Readings for Final EE 13—Political Life and Social Control Adjudication— the process by which a third party acting as judge makes a decision that the parties to a dispute have to accept. Band— societies composed of fairly small and usually nomadic groups of people. Each of these groups is conventionally called a band. A fairly small, usually nomadic local group that is politically autonomous. Band organization— the local group or community is the largest group that acts as a political unit. The kind of political organization where the local group or band is the largest territorial group in the society that acts as a unit. The local group in band societies in politically autonomous. Chief— A person who exercises authority, usually on behalf of a multi community political unit. This role is generally found in rank societies and is usually permanent and often hereditary. Chiefdom— A political unit, with a chief at its head, integrating more than one community but not necessarily the whole society or language group. Codified laws— Formal principles for resolving disputes in heterogeneous and stratified societies. Complementary opposition— the occasional uniting of various segments of a segmentary lineage system in opposition to similar segments. Crime— Violence not considered legitimate that occurs within a political unit. Feuding— A state of recurring hostility between families or groups of kin, usually motivated by a desire to avenge an offense against a member of the group. Headman— most proficient hunter or a person most accomplished in rituals. Informal. A person who holds a powerless but symbolically unifying position in a community within an egalitarian society; may exercise influence but has no power to impose sanctions. Mediation— the process by which a third party tries to bring about a settlement in the absence of formal authority to force a settlement. Negotiation— The process by which the parties to a dispute try to resolve it themselves. Oath— the act of calling upon a deity to bear witness to the truth of what one says. Ordeal— a means of determining guilt or innocence by submitting the accused to dangerous or painful tests believed to be under supernatural control. Raiding— A short-term use of force, generally planned and organized to realize a limited objective. Segmentary lineage system— A hierarchy of more and more inclusive lineages; usually functions only in conflict situations. State— a political unit with centralized decision making affecting a large population. Most states have cities with public buildings; full-time craft and religious specialists; an “official” art style; a hierarchical social structure topped by an elite class; and a governmental monopoly on the legitimate use of force to implement policies. State organization—
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ANTH 1003 taught by Professor Demovic during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Daily Readings for Final - Daily Readings for Final EE...

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