Notes for Test 1

Notes for Test 1 - Anthropology 1003 Anthropology-study of...

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Anthropology 1003 Anthropology— study of man; humankind. 1. Socio-cultural Anthropology—study of people, culture, what they are doing now. t 2 directions they take –European tradition t Cultural Anthropology- symbolic forms t Brits more interested in socio-structure. Wanted to rule more areas. 2. Linguistics—study of language. Focuses on one aspect (language). 3. Archaeology—study of artifacts- use this to understand culture. 4. Physical Anthropology—human beings as organisms. (finding of human fossils) Comparative physiology. Looking at primates as a whole. 5. Applied Anthropology—taking concepts used in anthropology to deal with social problems. Ethnocentrism— reaction to your environment Flip side of Ethnocentrism is… Cultural Relativism— what we may think is bad or not normal, but is in other cultures. Ex: Hagi and his multiple wives. Culture— all kinds of beliefs, actions, morals. t If we didn’t have culture, people wouldn’t know how to interact with one another. What we can eat, our relatives, who can we marry? t Learn through culture—how to behave in certain situations. o Tacit— Ex: elevator behavior, never talked about taught or explained. o Explicit— anything you learn and can find in the library or someone tells you how to do that. Ex: How to write a letter, manners. t Our culture… 4 different flavors of people using the term uncle. o Mother’s brother o Father’s brother o Mother’s sister’s husband –not by blood o Father’s sister’s husband- not by blood t But other cultures DO NOT consider unblood relatives to be “uncles” 1 st definition of culture 1871— Tilor— that complex fold that includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, customs, and habits and other capability acquired as a human as a member of society. Society— group of people interdependent and share a common culture. Culture is… 1. Shared— culture id is shared. a. Human beings— social creatures, cultural ideas that we share as a group- stop at red lights. Red—stop. Green—Go. 2. Learned— learn our culture by growing up with a culture. Culture transcends biology. Ex: Chinese American. Learned aspect. a. Enculturation— learning your culture (manners, at home, school, tv, church) b. Acculturation— learning a different culture. 3. Based on Symbols— cultural have to learn it. a. Signals— behaviors intrinsically tied to the meaning behind them. Ex: water coming down her cheek, any culture would know what that means. b. we mostly communicate using a symbol. Ex: language, different languages use different words for the meaning of cat, they
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are not intrinsically tied. Ex: body language. c. Symbols are important culturally; hold a tremendous amount of information. Ex: Another Ex: English: 1 word that means seaweed, but in Hawaii there are many words that mean seaweed.
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