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1Name:University:Course:Tutor:Date:Community-Acquired PneumoniaIn community-acquired pneumonia, one can get infected in a local community setup. Itdoes not need to be acquired in hospitals, homes, nor healthcare centers. Community-acquiredpneumonia is a respiratory tract infection wherebyone’s lungs are part of the respiratory systemthat gets affected. The respiratory tract infection is also escorted by new infiltrates on the chestradiograph; such infiltrates substances denser than air or blood, which remain in the parenchymaof a person's lungs. Such penetrates are connected with diseases such as tuberculosis and evenpneumonia.When a person is diagnosed with community-acquired pneumonia and is not hospitalizedor has not received any long-term care facility, one may experience symptoms such as fever,sputum production, heavy breathing, wheezing while breathing. Lastly, one may experiencechest pain. The cause of this community-acquired pneumonia is an agent called Streptococcuspneumoniae which is the most common agent that causes the disease(Metlay 2019). Othercauses of the respiratory disease are mainly the bacteria known as influenza A, and some other
2bacteria such as Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae are some bacteriathat have caused community-acquired pneumonia.The other pneumonia is ventilator-associated pneumonia, which advances within thehuman lungs of a person who is put on to use a ventilator. A ventilator is a machine used to assistin breathing by providing oxygen through a tube placed in a patient's mouth or nose. The bacteriathat cause ventilator-associated pneumonia are bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Escherichia coli, and Acinetobacter. The cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia is bacteria thatweakness the oropharynx and the upper airway in very sick patients. The way ventilator-associated pneumonia can be prevented by using positive pressure ventilation is oxygendelivered through the face mask. Hands-on supervision is highly required, primarily by nursesand therapy staff.Next are the risk factors that are connected to community-associated pneumonia. Some ofthe risk factors include age, malnutrition, altered immunity, environmental factors, airwaycolonization, alcoholism, and smoking. These are some of the risk factors that are associatedwith community-associated pneumonia. To explain but a few of them, I will start with theenvironmental aspect; this deals with the surrounding environment. Community-associatedpneumonia can be contacted through overcrowded places, people who are directly in contactwith the exposure to dust, chemical fumes as well as air conditioning units, and last but not least,contact with animals.The other risk factor is alcoholism, which leads to an impaired level of consciousness,frequent coughs, and limited movement. The other risk factor is altered immune, whereby it is achange in the immune system caused by an allergen. Examples of this are humanimmunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, chemotherapy treatment,

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