history study guide - Lecture1 22:16 The World and US in 1600 Sir Francis Drake First main character in the story of Americas origin Becomes sailor

history study guide - Lecture1 22:16 The World and US in...

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Lecture 122:16The World and US in 1600 Sir Francis Drake First main character in the story of America’s originBecomes sailor because he couldn’t find work in England People driven out of England Designed to bring energy to population and feed them Found new crop sugar- problem= people needed to grow sugar Solution- buy energy (people) from Africa to grow cropElizabeth I (1533-1603) Queen of England Goal to spread freedomEurope expanded to spread values and freedom to US People travel from Europe to US to keep Hispanic tyrant from taking over North America Around the world people had a similar standard of living Ottoman Empire Mali Empire (Africa) Europe does not develop more complex living until after industrial revolution Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) Largest city in North America Europe in 1600 Why did Europe conquer North America? What were the consequences ? Europe had the impulse because they needed it and could greatly benefit from the land they would gain Land in Europe was scarce, but other continents have plenty, US has abundant land Problem: Europe has scare land and population is rising, land becomes more expensive Solution: People group off, form different countries, build up armies. Ship people off to the new land
Why wasn’t North America East Coast discovered until 1607?b/c nothing of value was there Atlantic world Become a market Disease is circulated by exposing unfamiliar diseases to different regions How and why did Europe expand to North America? Europe expanded because it had problems with supply & demand, North America offered land and goods
Lecture 2 22:16Commerce and Culture A. Europeans and Native Americans: why some natives welcomed Europeans B. The Ironic Creation of New Worlds Interest, Commerce, negotiation, and hybridity Luis de Velasco (opecancanough)- a sophisticated Indian, educated, knows and understands the dangers and value of welcoming the English Danger: English are not catholic, Enemy of the Spanish Advantage: trade The Great League of the Iroquois (population, Mourning Wars, and Beaver Wars) C. Trade War, and Alliances in North America King Phillip (Metacom)’s War, Bacons Rebellion (1675-1676) and the power of the Mohawks Indians were fundamental to European Settlement Iberia Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) Famous for conquering Mexico 600 Spaniards vs 25 million Aztecs Small Pox struck the Aztecs (millions wiped out) When Cortes finally invades he has 10,000 Indians on his side- to destroy a common enemy Commerce, Alliance, Cooperation allowed for the creation of Mexico City HYBRID population of Indians & Spaniards .Both need each others alliance La Malinche- Cortes mistress, serves as interpreter. Have child togetherhybrid race new world
Lecture 2 22:16- English start off as raiders of East Coast, then fleeteventually settle their & feed - Indian’s population begins to decline- begin to kidnap people and integrate them into their tribe (Mourning Wars) Indians generally do not want to fight because of small populations Iroquois

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