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Ch. 11 Lecture Outline - CHAPTER 11 THE POLITICAL ORDER...

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CHAPTER 11 THE POLITICAL ORDER MAJOR TEACHING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, the student should : 1. Understand how the Great Social Transformation changed the nature of the political order. 2. Be able to outline the major types of power. 3. Know the different types of states. 4. Be able to describe political processes in the United States. 5. Be able to explain the major features of the power elite and pluralist models. 6. Be able to compare and contrast the sociological explanations for the political order. 7. Be able to outline possibilities for the political order in the twenty-first century. SUMMARY The vignette about the collapse of the Soviet Union illustrates how political issues involve the distribution of power across institutions, organizations, and individuals. THE GREAT SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE POLITICAL ORDER In hunting and gathering societies, the political order is comparatively simple, and everyone participated in politics. Horticultural and agrarian societies require codes and rely on the government to enforce decisions. The political order of democratic industrial societies rests on the middle class. POWER AND THE POLITICAL ORDER Max Weber Authority: the legitimate application of power. Coercion: the illegitimate application of power. Types of legitimate authority:
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Traditional: authority legitimated by long tradition. Legal-rational: authority legitimated by legal standing.
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