SOCY+Fall+Essay+.docx - 1 Fall Essay November 9, 2020 Emma...

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1Fall EssayNovember 9, 2020Emma Sacks SOCY 122TA: Emily Stewart Student #: 20216022
2Within the sociological field, there are four prominent sociologists who are frequently re-ferred to as the 'founding fathers' of the canon. Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Émile Durkheim are regarded as the founding fathers because of their significant contributions tothe sociological field as a whole, including ideas and theories that would deeply influence social research and theory. (Anderson, 2016)While these theorists are essential to the sociology canon, it is important to note that the mainstream depiction of the founding fathers as the sole conduc-tors for the entire field would be misleading. In the 21st century, the cannon should equip sociol-ogists with the tools to be able to deal with diversity and social problems. That is why one needs to consider the cannon critically since there are underpinnings of a Eurocentric viewpoint that re-strain one's assessment of the social world.(Anderson, 2016) Factors such as gender and race play a huge role in determining which theorists are included in the sociological canon, and ulti-mately who can or cannot be considered a founding father.With the current state of the world, it is important as a sociologist to be equipped to deal with the diversity of social problems in the 21st century. However, if one were to solely base their practices on the theories of the four founding fathers then they would be doing themselves an extreme disservice as a scholar since all four of the founding fathers lack diversity. The four founding fathers contributed to the growth of classical sociological thought in the West, as it was passed on to the rest of the world. What they accomplished with their scholastic abilities, was di-minished by their lack of representation. Often regarded as central figures, their contributions aided in our modern-day understanding of sociology. Auguste Comte was troubled by the FrenchRevolution and thus coined the term "sociology." (Anderson, 2016,)Comte went on to develop several of Saint-Simon’s ideas about science, technology, and society with the desire to study the
3scientific basis of social relations. While some believed the way to restore social order was to re-turn to fatalism, Comte believed that the direction of history was forward. (Mallory, 2018) This progressive approach, developed by Comte, is known as functionalism. Like Comte, other soci-ologists within the canon were concerned about social changes in western Europe. Similarly to Durkheim and Comte, Marx and Weber were deeply worried about the social effects of industri-alization and its imminent implications on the Western world as well as the French Revolution.

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Term
Fall
Professor
MollyWallace
Tags
Sociology, Ibn Khaldun

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