Chapter 5 - -Woodwind quintet – Flute Oboe clarinet...

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Chapter 5: Timbre and Instrumentation *Timbre/Tone Color – specific character or quality of each instrument - Produced by overtones *Musical Instruments - Energy source: air, bow, pluck - Vibrating element: reed, lips, air, string - Resonating Chamber: instrument body, head *Instrument Families - Strings: violin - Woodwinds: Flute - Brass: Trumpet - Percussion: Drums - Keyboard: Piano, organ - Voice - Electronic: Plug in and use amp *Large Ensembles - Orchestra – Strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion - Concert band- woodwinds, brass, percussion - Jazz band (big band) – woodwinds, brass, percussion, keyboards/electronic - Choir – Voice (Soprano, alto, tenor, bass) *Orchestra - Strings - Violin, Viola, Cello, bass, harp - Woodwinds – Flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon - Brass – Trumpet, French horn, trombone, tuba - Percussion – Tympani, xylophone, snare drum, bass drum, cymbals, triangle *Chamber Ensemble - Chamber Orchestra – Strings (woodwinds)
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- String Quartet – 2 violins, viola, cello
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Unformatted text preview: -Woodwind quintet – Flute Oboe, clarinet, bassoon, French horn-Brass Quintet – 2 Trumpets, French horn, trombone, tuba Chapter 6: Form *Structure, internal organization of a piece *Like a house’s frame or a road map *Repetition vs. Contrast *Form-Label with letters o Ex: AABB (cd 1 track 16, 13) AA’A” (cd 1 track 17) AA’BA” (cd 2 track 10) ABA (very common) *Subsidiary Forms -Subsections within longer sections of music o Example: A B A Aabb *Form in Popular Music-Intro-Verse-Chorus-Bridge-Solo-Tag/Coda *Dynamics (Volume)-Pianissimo → pp → very soft-Piano → p = soft-Mezzo piano → mp = medium soft -Mezzo Forte → mf = medium loud-Forte → f = loud-Fortissimo →ff = very loud-Crescendo – gradually louder-Decrescendo – gradually softer *Other Musical Terms-Lyrics-Song – Music with singing-Piece/composition/ work – music without singing...
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Chapter 5 - -Woodwind quintet – Flute Oboe clarinet...

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