Unit 5 - Unit 5 10/29/07 Athenian myths of Autochthony •...

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Unformatted text preview: Unit 5 10/29/07 Athenian myths of Autochthony • Cecrops- Half-man, half snake - no one can take our land because we actually come from the land • Cranaos- time of Deucalion’s flood; Earth-born - inscriptions from Athens- mythical events- Cranaos goes to Deucalion > Born from the earth- earth born • Amphictyon-Son of Deucalion or earth-born - also earth born- some say he was a son of Deucalion • Erichthonius- Offspring of Hephaistos and Athena - “Eri” means wool- “chthon” means earth born- “earth-wool”- born from Hephaistos and Athena- …but Athena is a virgin…?- Athena popular godess- Hepahistos also somewhat popular craftsman, working class- Hepaistos chased Athena, she runs away- cant catch up with her…- he is ‘excited’- ejaculates on her ankle- Athena sees a piece of wool, wipe her ankle with it, throws it on the groun- 9 months later… Erichthonius is born from the earth- ‘earth-wool’ • Placed in a chest, given to Pandrosus, daughter of Cecrops; sisters open the box - Athena placed Erichthonius in a chest, gave it to Pandrosus- her (jealous) sisters open the box while she is away- so terrified by what was in the box that they went insane and jumped off a cliff- not known what exactly was in the box… • Erichthonius makes wooden image of Athena and establishes the Panathenaea - becomes a famous king of Athens- makes the first image of Athena - Panathenaea parades and celebrations in honor of Athena Divine Visits • Competition of Poseidon and Athena - Poseidon and Athena competed on who would be in charge of the city- Poseidon struck his trident in the ground, and a stream came out of it- people were impressed by this- Athena strikes her spear in to the ground, and an olive tree sprouted out of it- people liked this more- Athena wins- Poseidon goes away, very upset- caused a flood in Athens because he lost the competition • Demeter and Triptolemus - Athens crushed Elusis in battle- exploited the Elucinean mysteries- Triptolemus had descendents who lived in Athens- went on a tour introducing the Greeks to the art of farming- myth the Greek world owed Athens for farming they should pay them for it • Dionysus and Icarios - Athens also claimed credit for the invention of wine- Icarios typical farmer- Dionysus came to him…- taught him how to make wine- invited his friends over for a party, served them the drink- friends continued to drink… - got sick, started throwing up, etc- they thought Icarios was poisoning them…- killed him- (interactions with Dionysus don’t usually turn out well) • Areiopagos: Homocide court - on the Peak of Ares- got its name because the first Homocide trial was against Ares Poseidon vs. Ares - son of Poseidon was raping the daughter of Ares- Ares killed the son of Poseidon- Poseidon took him to trial for killing his son- Ares acquitted Later setting for trial of Orestes (son of Agamemnon) - Orestes killed his mother…- because she killed his father…...
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course TRAD 104 taught by Professor Freeble during the Spring '08 term at Arizona.

  • Spring '08
  • freeble
  • The Iliad, War, Eating, Armor, Achilles, Hector, Agamemnon, Priam, Thetis, Paris, Aeneas, Andromache, Apollo, Astyanax, Athena, Briseis, Chryseis, Hecuba, Helen, Hera, Menelaus, Nestor, Odysseus, Poseidon, Zeus

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Unit 5 - Unit 5 10/29/07 Athenian myths of Autochthony •...

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