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Unit 5 - Unit 5 Athenian myths of Autochthony • Cecrops...

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Unit 5 10/29/07 Athenian myths of Autochthony • Cecrops- Half-man, half snake - no one can take our land because we actually come from the land • Cranaos- time of Deucalion’s flood; Earth-born - inscriptions from Athens - mythical events - Cranaos goes to Deucalion > Born from the earth - earth born • Amphictyon-Son of Deucalion or earth-born - also earth born - some say he was a son of Deucalion • Erichthonius- Offspring of Hephaistos and Athena - “Eri” means wool - “chthon” means earth born - “earth-wool” - born from Hephaistos and Athena - …but Athena is a virgin…? - Athena popular godess - Hepahistos also somewhat popular craftsman, working class - Hepaistos chased Athena, she runs away - cant catch up with her… - he is ‘excited’ - ejaculates on her ankle - Athena sees a piece of wool, wipe her ankle with it, throws it on the groun - 9 months later… Erichthonius is born from the earth - ‘earth-wool’ • Placed in a chest, given to Pandrosus, daughter of Cecrops; sisters open the box - Athena placed Erichthonius in a chest, gave it to Pandrosus - her (jealous) sisters open the box while she is away - so terrified by what was in the box that they went insane and jumped off a cliff - not known what exactly was in the box…
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• Erichthonius makes wooden image of Athena and establishes the Panathenaea - becomes a famous king of Athens - makes the first image of Athena - Panathenaea parades and celebrations in honor of Athena Divine Visits • Competition of Poseidon and Athena - Poseidon and Athena competed on who would be in charge of the city - Poseidon struck his trident in the ground, and a stream came out of it - people were impressed by this - Athena strikes her spear in to the ground, and an olive tree sprouted out of it - people liked this more - Athena wins - Poseidon goes away, very upset - caused a flood in Athens because he lost the competition • Demeter and Triptolemus - Athens crushed Elusis in battle - exploited the Elucinean mysteries - Triptolemus had descendents who lived in Athens - went on a tour introducing the Greeks to the art of farming - myth the Greek world owed Athens for farming they should pay them for it • Dionysus and Icarios - Athens also claimed credit for the invention of wine - Icarios typical farmer - Dionysus came to him… - taught him how to make wine - invited his friends over for a party, served them the drink - friends continued to drink… - got sick, started throwing up, etc - they thought Icarios was poisoning them… - killed him - (interactions with Dionysus don’t usually turn out well) • Areiopagos: Homocide court - on the Peak of Ares - got its name because the first Homocide trial was against Ares
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Poseidon vs. Ares - son of Poseidon was raping the daughter of Ares - Ares killed the son of Poseidon - Poseidon took him to trial for killing his son - Ares acquitted Later setting for trial of Orestes (son of Agamemnon) - Orestes killed his mother… - because she killed his father… - Athena was supposedly the judge - Orestes was acquitted Theseus
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