Arousal and Stress and Anxiety - AROUSAL and STRESS and...

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AROUSAL and STRESS and ANXIETY Mental health - a state of successful performance of mental functions resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people and the ability to adapt to change and to cope with adversity Mental illness - term used to refer collectively to all diagnosable mental disorders Mental disorders - health conditions that are characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior associated with distress and/or impaired functioning o Diagnosed based on the DSM Mental health problems - signs and symptoms of insufficient intensity or duration to meet the criteria for any mental disorders, but are sufficient to warrant active efforts in health promotion, prevention, and treatment The relationship of mental health and mental illness is a continuum on which mental health problems falls closer to mental illness Prevalent Anxiety (mental) Disorders o Panic Disorder - intense fear and discomfort associated with physical and mental symptoms such as fear of dying or loss of control of emotions, sweating, trembling, chest pain Induces urge to escape or run away and often results in seeking emergency help such as calling 911 or going to hospital Frequently accompanied by major depressive disorder Twice as common in women o Agoraphobia - severe, pervasive anxiety when in situations perceived to be difficult to escape from, or complete avoidance of certain situations such as crowded areas Often seen after onset of panic disorder Twice as common in women o Social Phobia/Social Anxiety Disorder - marked, persistent anxiety in social situations such as public speaking Possibility of ridicule is a crucial factor; person is worried that other people will notice their physical anxiety symptoms (sweating, trembling) Accompanied by anxiety in the days leading up to a feared event More common in women o Obsessive compulsive disorder - obsessions such as recurrent thoughts or images that are perceived as inappropriate or forbidden elicit anxiety The person perceives a loss of control so they act on impulses or thoughts Compulsions including behaviors or thoughts reduce anxiety associated with obsessions (such as washing hands, counting steps)
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