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Unformatted text preview: ,SOCL 1a: The Study of Society Fall 2007 Final Help CONCEPTS FROM LECTURE * Society • Aggregate Behavior- Large numbers of people act in a similar manner, creating sociological, empirical patterns which can then be studied • Externalities- the costs and benefits an individual choice may have for others (spillover effects) • Mutual Influence- There is an inevitable influence one individual in a society imposes on another • Relationships- In a society, people affect each other. It would not be plausible to say people in Chile affect those in San Diego. o Social Capital- relationships are a kind of capital or resource for individuals to benefit from. Robert Putnam defined it as quantifiable connections that individuals establish with others in their society. • System of Relationships- Social networks which comprise society • Social Mobility- Movement within social groups and class structures, the movement may be the result of ambition or innate qualities * Metaphors: • Society as Organism (Herbert Spencer) Functionalism o Continuous growth o Functional Differentiation- Societies divide and subdivide into specialized areas o Integrity of the whole- each organ contributes to the success of the organism • Society as Building Conflict o People produce Society o Not all social relations are equal o Structure of society may change, society is essentially an artificial hierarchy of people and groups of people • Society as Drama (Erving Goffman) o Social relationships consist of repeated interactions o Impression management- impressions of trustworthiness are created to maintain social relationships o Scripts- people act out roles FUNCTIONALIST CONFLICT INTERACTIONISM- Natural- Interdependent- System- Story of consensus/ cooperation- Artificial (produced, not natural)- Asymmetrical interdependence- Structure- Story of conflict/battlefield- Unstable (produced over time)- Loose coupling of relationships (not everything effects each other)- Drama * Rates (as in suicide rates) *Numbers to know- 1. (858) 534-3755 ~ Counseling 2. (858) 534-HELP ~ Suicide Helpline * Sui generis- Durkheim used this term to classify suicide as a thing of its’ own type, it is external to the individual * Egoistic Suicide- Suicide from the lack of societal duties and obligations. We need these duties to counterbalance our individual ego’s * Altruistic Suicide- Too much sacrifice made to the group, individual self is lost * Anomic Suicide- Norms fall apart, quick change in status in society * Values – Society gives us values, ends * Norms – Tells us what means are available to pursue those ends...
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- Spring '08
- Sociology, society class inequality, society Machers people, Anomic Suicide Norms, Social Capital relationships