ART 130 Midterm

ART 130 Midterm - ART 130 Midterm - 6 slides presented: ID...

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ART 130 Midterm - 6 slides presented: ID 3 of them - rest is matching taken from slides and terms Prehistoric Art Terms: Pigments - colors used - difficult to make at the time - ochre (red) and charcoal (black) mixed with animal fat - applied by an animal tail brush or spat out through long hip bones onto the walls Tectiforms - may have been their form of writing - we have no clue what the symbols mean Votive - an object used to direct prayers - you pray through it not to it Post-and-lintel construction - a HUGE advancement - 2 posts and 1 lintel - used at Stonehenge Slides: Hall of the Bulls, Lascaux, France, 15000-12000 BCE, Paleolithic - caves were sacred, spiritual places - earliest art found here - sealed until 1940s - original entrance is unknown - largest bull is 11’6” long - starts at sight line and extends into ceiling - all figures are in profile - feels less confrontational - 152 different colors present (complicated to make at the time) - tectiforms - possibly a form of writing but we have no idea what the symbols mean - early fresco painting - images are icons - stand for what they represent and/or some concept (ie fertility)
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- these are large game animals of both sexes (perhaps they were praying for more food) Venus of Willendorf, 25000-21000 BCE, Paleolithic - votive: something you pray through not to (directs your prayers) - 4 3/8 inches tall - carved limestone - found in a red ochre pigment - 360 degrees fully carved - no face - she’s just “woman” - hair in 7 braids - means she’s enough, completion, perfection Near Eastern Art Terms: Mesopotamia - between Tigres and Euphrates Rivers - said to be the Garden of Eden - dates back to 7,000 BCE - meso = land, potamia = btw the rivers (Greek) - had all components for a “western” civilization - 6 of them: religion, law, government, communal living, production, and writing - other places had the first 5, but only Mesopotamia had writing - their predates the heiroglyphs Cuneiform - form of writing consisting of wedge-shaped characters - used in Mesopotamia Hierarchy - the representation of more important figures as larger than less important ones Tell Asmar votive figs and the Near Eastern canon - full eyes looking upwards (windows to the soul) - mostly male (beard = old, shorter hair = younger) - more clothes = more wise, older - bigger is better (cost more $, but the Gods would hear your prayers better…)
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- clasped hands = prayer pose - painted alabaster Crenellation - a series of indentations (part of the architecture/fortification) Slides: Ziggurat, 3500-3000 BCE, Sumerian, Paleolithic - means “raised up” or “high” in Assyrian - architecture as propoganda - load-bearing construction - floorplan is designed to control the inhabitants (physically and symbolically) - a terraced, multistoried platform for a religious shrine - 2 to 7 tiers high - made of thousands of mud dried bricks - outer layer was whitewashed - many were built b/c each god had their own - they were polytheistic - each one had its own set of priests - the Ruler was the head of all the priests and all the people
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ART 130 Midterm - ART 130 Midterm - 6 slides presented: ID...

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