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Unformatted text preview: HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY Study Guide Unit I: Health Behavior and Primary Prevention Lesson I-1: Definition of Health Psychology (CH.1, p.4) The Mind-Body Relationship (CH.1, pp.4-6) Why is the Field of Health Psychology Needed? (CH.1, pp.6-11) The Biopsychosocial Model in Health Psychology (CH.1, pp.11-13) What is Health Psychology Training For? (CH.1, pp.13-14) Objectives: a) Name four areas of focus of health psychology 1. Health promotion and maintenance-- development of good health habits and helping people overcome poor ones. 2. Prevention and treatment of illness-- stress management, adherence 3. Etiology and correlates of health, illness and dysfunction-- Research Four types of research in this field: a. Experimental research-- randomized clinical drug trial b. Correlational research-- e.g., survey research c. Prospective research-- Follows a group of individuals forward in time, such as in a longitudinal design. d. Retrospective research-- Attempts to reconstruct the conditions leading to a current situation, such as the spread of AIDS. 4. The health care system and the formulation of health care policy. b) Give two reasons why the increasing occurrence of chronic disorders has spawned the field of health psychology. 1. these are diseases in which psychological and social factors are implicated as causes. Health psych has evolved to explore these causes and to develop ways to modify them-Ex. Personal health habits, such as diet and smoking, are implicated in the development of heart disease and cancer, and sexual activity is critically important in the likelihood of developing AIDS 2. because people may live with chronic diseases for many years, psychological issues arise in connection with them c) Describe four research methods commonly used by health psychologists. a. Experimental research-- randomized clinical drug trial b. Correlational research-- e.g., survey research c. Prospective research-- Follows a group of individuals forward in time, such as in a longitudinal design. d. Retrospective research-- Attempts to reconstruct the conditions leading to a current situation, such as the spread of AIDS. d) Identify the liabilities and shortcomings of the biomedical model. Liabilities:- its a reductionistic model- means that it reduces illness to low-level processes, such as disordered cells and chemical imbalances, rather than recognizing the role of more general social and psychological processes- signle-factor model of illness- it explains illness in terms of biological malfunction rather than recognizing that a variety of factors, only some of which are biological, may be responsible for the development of illness- clearly emphasizes illness over health- it focuses on aberrations that lead to illness rather than on the conditions that might promote health Shortcomings:- it has a difficulty accounting for why a particular set of somatic conditions need not inevitably lead to illness- Ex. If 6 people are exposed to the measles, why do only 3 develop the - Ex....
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- Spring '08
- Health Psychology