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LECTURE 12 - LECTURE 12 OUTLINES Lecture 12 The...

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LECTURE 12 OUTLINES Lecture 12: The Country 3/12/2008 -Material on the midterm is just through lecture 12 -Papers will be returned on Monday after lecture -Photography as a means of a social reporting (lectures 11 and 12) -Last time we spoke about Lewis Hine. He invented the basic pictorial approach that would define social photography for decades to come. He associated photography with a new gaze sympathetic objectivity. -Slide #2 1908 Hine’s photography suggested that these young workers were in a system that could not control and need government protection. His cause was for making child labor less prominent and with safer conditions. - The Great Depression and the Resettlement Administration/Farm Security Administration Rexford Tugwell; Roy Stryker - Historical Context of the Great Depression and beyond - The bank failures, the 40% drop in productivity, high unemployment, etc. were characteristics of this time of economic depression during the Great Depression. -In response to the depression, Franklin Roosevelt proposed the New Deal in order to get relief, reform and recovery. The New Deal revised the social contract between the citizen and the state. Each citizen was guaranteed some sort of protection from the government after this great loss and the legislation that was passed in response. -During this time of the early 20th century, capitalism and industrialization was still a strange thing. Corporations were called by some: “Frankenstein monsters” -Bruce Ackerman who is a historian believes that there are 3 constitutional moments in American history. The first time is when it was first written and implemented. The second time the constitution was reinterpreted was during Reconstruction, and the last time the constitution radically changed in interpretation was the New Deal. -It required the persuasion of those critics of the New Deal to agree with a new social contract. This was especially true of the rural poor. -Resettlement Administration/Farm Security Administration RA/FSA -Initially created as the Resettlement Administration in 1935 as a part of the New Deal, the Farm Security Administration was an effort during the Depression to combat rural poverty. The FSA stressed "rural rehabilitation" efforts to improve the lifestyle of sharecroppers, tenants, and very poor landowning farmers, and a program to purchase sub-marginal land owned by poor farmers
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and resettle them in group farms on land more suitable for efficient farming. -Rexford Tugwell became the first director of the Resettlement Administration/Farm Security Administration. -Roy Stryker was an American economist, government official, and photographer. He is most famous for heading the Information Division of the FSA during the depression and launching the documentary photography movement of FSA -Stryker and the FSA hired Russell Lee and Dorothea Lange -Slide #3 Russell Lee, FSA Clients at Home, Hidalgo County, Texas - In this photograph, there are ample signs of economic need- There is a gaping hole in the sock of the individual pictured; modest surroundings in the home. But, there is still a great deal of dignity and respect (literacy
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