Lecture 2 - Self and Self-Regulation (High-Quality, 4-up)

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Unformatted text preview: information processing Downward Comparison Right Prefrontal Lobe Comparison of the Self to someone who is worse off tan oneself RIGHT PREFRONTAL CORTEX & SELF-RECOGNITION Self-recognition SELF-REGULATION S ELF-REGULATION: OVERVIEW SELF-REGULATION Self-regulation: Overview The strategies used to control (regulate) your behaviour Delay of Gratification Pursuit of a long-term goal Self-regulatory Strategies Monitor your response to environmental stimuli Cost and Scope of Self-control DELAY OF GRATIFICATION DELAY OF GRATIFICATION Mischel (1966), aka “The Bing Study” Method: The ability to forgo an immediate reward for a larger, future reward D ELAY OF G RATIFICATION DELAY OF GRATIFICATION Later in life, those who can delay gratification: Higher verbal and math SAT scores Parents rated the children as: Better able to concentrate Better able to cope with frustration and stress Parents and teachers rated the children as: Greater cognitive and social competence ratings SELF-REGULATORY STRATEGIES SELF-DISTANCING How do you recall negative emotional events? Self-immersed perspective Self-Distancing Recall event in the first-person (i.e., from the perspective of your own eyes) Emotion Regulation Self-distanced perspective Recall event in the third-person (i.e., from the perspective of an observer) S ELF-DISTANCING Ayduk & Kross (2008) Ayduk & Kross (2008) Results: Emotional Intensity 2: Anger 3: Regulation 4: Reactivity BP Manipulation Strategy & Emotion Survey Intensity of Emotions Method: 90 participants 1: Baseline Blood Pressure SELF-DISTANCING 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 Immersed SELF-DISTANCING Distanced EMOTION REGULATION Ayduk & Kross (2008) ∆ Mean Arterial Pressure Results: Blood Pressure 5 Self-regulation specific to the control of emotional experience 4 3 1 0 Immersed Distanced H OW DO YOU CONTROL YOUR EMOTIONS? Strongly Disagree 1 2 3 4 5 6 Strongly Agree 7 HOW DO YOU CONTROL YOUR EMOTIONS? Strongly Disagree 1 2 3 4 5 6 Strongly Agree 7 1. I control my emotions by changing the way I think about the situation I’m in. 1. I control my emotions by changing the way I think about the situation I’m in. 2. I control my emotion by not expressing them. 2. I control my emotion by not expressing them. 3. When I want to feel less negative emotion, I change the way I’m thinking a...
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