Lecture 2 - Self and Self-Regulation (High-Quality, 4-up)

Strongly disagree 1 2 3 4 5 6 strongly agree 7 how do

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Unformatted text preview: bout the situation. 3. When I want to feel less negative emotion, I change the way I’m thinking about the situation. 4. When I am feeling negative emotions, I make sure not to express them. 4. When I am feeling negative emotions, I make sure not to express them. 5. When I want to feel more positive emotion, I change what I’m thinking about. 5. When I want to feel more positive emotion, I change what I’m thinking about. 6. I keep my emotions to myself. 6. I keep my emotions to myself. EMOTION REGULATION SUPPRESSION 3 Primary Strategies: Suppression Response-focused Reappraisal Situation Selection Antecedent-focused Inhibiting emotionexpressive behaviour while emotionally aroused R EAPPRAISAL REAPPRAISAL AND SUPPRESSION Gross (1998) Method: 120 participants 1: Physio Baseline Interpreting potentially emotion-relevant stimuli in unemotional terms REAPPRAISAL AND SUPPRESSION Gross (1998) 3: Emotional Video 4: Regulation Strategy 5: Emotional Video REAPPRAISAL AND SUPPRESSION Gross (1998) Results: Observer-rated disgust 3 Expressed Disgust 2: Neutral Video 2 2 1 0 Watch Suppress Reappraise Results: Blood to peripheries (Finger Pulse Amp.) R EAPPRAISAL AND SUPPRESSION Gross (1998) Results: Finger temperature REAPPRAISAL AND SUPPRESSION Gross (1998) Results: Skin conductance level SITUATION SELECTION EMOTION REGULATION Controlling your emotions by avoiding situations that you think will make you feel bad and entering situations that you think will make you feel good 3 Primary Strategies: Suppression Reappraisal Situation Selection Requires a Lot of Effort Requires Relatively Little Effort C OST OF SELFREGULATION Inzlicht & Gutsell (2007) Inzlicht & Gutsell (2007) 2: Regulation 3: Emotional Strategy Video Results: Stroop Effect 4: Attentional Control Task Watch STROOP Suppress COST OF SELFREGULATION Response Latency (ms) Method: 40 UTSC students 1: Apply EEG Cap COST OF SELFREGULATION Congruent Incongruent 500 469 438 406 375 Watch Suppress SCOPE OF SELFREGULATORY COSTS Inzlicht & Gutsell (2007) Results: Error-related Negativity Self-regulation in one domain affects ability to exert control on subsequent tasks in another domain Baumeister, Bratslavsky, Muraven, & Tice (1998) Methods: 2: Impossible Puzzles 3: How Long Will Participants Keep Trying? 1: Eating Task With Differing Self-regulatory Demands 1: Eating Task With Differing Self-regulatory Demands SCOPE OF SELFREGULATORY COSTS Baumeister, Bratslavsky, Muraven, & Tice (1998) Results: Persistence (minutes) S COPE OF SELFREGULATORY COSTS 25 20 15 10 5 Cookies EXAMPLE EXAM QUESTION Radish No Food E XAMPLE EXAM QUESTION Mari’s parents want her to be very disciplined, moral, quiet, and helpful. Her parents ideals for her are chronically accessible in Mari’s mind, and she constantly compares herself with their image of her. She feels anxious because, in truth, she is kind of lazy, loud, and irreverent. Mari feels anxious because of a discrepancy between her _____ self and her ____ self. Mari’s parents want her to be very disciplined, moral, quiet, and helpful. Her parents ideals for her are chronically accessible in Mari’s mind, and she constantly compares herself with their image of her. She feels anxious because, in truth, she is kind of lazy, loud, and irreverent. Mari feels anxious because of a discrepancy between her _____ self and her ____ self. A. Ought; Ideal A. Ought; Ideal B. Actual; Ought B. Actual; Ought C. Interdependent; Independent C. Interdependent; Independent D. Independent; Ideal D. Independent; Ideal E. Actual; Ideal E. Actual; Ideal 4 O REOS ARE BETTER THAN 2 Next Lecture: Stress and Health Related Websites: Improving Self-Esteem: http://www.utexas.edu/student/cmhc/booklets/selfesteem/selfest.html PSYBlog - Improve your self-control: http://www.spring.org.uk/2008/09/how-to-improve-your-self-control.php O Magazine - Self-distancing: http://www.oprah.com/article/omagazine/200810_omag_distance...
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