Lecture Notes 1.22.08

Lecture Notes 1.22.08 - POL103 Notes 1/22/08 The Rise and...

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POL103 Notes 1/22/08 The Rise and Demise of Fascism -Heyday of fascism has passed (1920’s-1945) but its influences are still evident today -Liberalism and Communism are both ideologies of equality; formal & legal versus personal, political & economic, respectively. -Fascism is a response to both liberalism and communism The Politics of Backwardness -Countries that leaned towards fascism tended to be slightly along the periphery of economic and social progress (Germany against Britain and Japan against the United States) -Pre-fascist nations wanted to quickly build a first-rate military with a third-rate economy -Germany and Japan are forced to industrialize to catch up with the modernization of first-rate countries. -United States and Britain grew slowly, based on gradual collection of social and economic capital -Banks develop for large investments in Germany and Japan, since no anti-monopoly laws exist. -Noblemen called “Junkers” control & operate much of the traditional agriculture still in
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