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Unformatted text preview: Linguistics Notes 01/10/2007 13:06:00 Help Lab Wednesday 12pm w/Yumiko in 6002 Robarts Library (6th Floor) Linguistics quiz 10/17/07 Consonants Liquids o Laterals o Palatography: creating images of sounds using a mix of olive oil and charcoal o Linguogram: Roof of mouth is painted, tongue makes contact o Palatogram: Tongue is painted, palate makes print Trills: A special class of sound is produces by aerodynamically driven vibration of one articulator against another within the oral cavity. o Seen in Spanish "carra" and Finnish "ruotsi" o Moving air creates low air pressure Glides o 2 glides in English: palatal [y] (yes, yatch) and labiovelar [w] (we, wait) Suprasegmentals o supra = above, segmental = segment Pitch: auditory attribute of sounds according to which sounds can be ordered on a scale from low to high o Falling pitch: typical of declarative sentences ("The student got very good grades.") o Rising pitch: typical of interrogative sentences ("The student got very good grades?") o Intonation: Information of sentences conveyed by pitch. o Tone: pitch being used to differentiate between words, as seen in tone languages like Chinantec form Otomanguean, Mexico (Annotaion is superior to tone, singing is superimposed) 01/10/2007 13:06:00 01/10/2007 13:06:00 ...
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- Fall '08