guide 6.docx - 12.2 Gender Ethnicity and Discrimination...

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12.2 Gender, Ethnicity and Discrimination Issues Gender differences in occupational selection o Growing number of women work in occupations that have been traditionally male- dominated o Women’s non-traditional occupations as those in which women constitute 25% or less of the total number of people employed o Male-dominated occupations tend to pay more than women-dominated occupations Women who choose non-traditional occupations and are successful in them are viewed negatively as compared with similarly successful men o In Patriarchal societies, both women and men gave higher “respectability” ratings to males than females in the same occupation In US -> men prefer to date women who are in traditional occupations Sexual objectification in the workplace, especially in non-traditional occupations, results in higher sexual harassment and worse work performance Women and occupational development o Characteristics and aspirations of women who enter the workforce from different generations is significantly different o

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