HW2 - File 1.3-What You Dont(Necessarily Know When You Know...

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File 1.3-What You Don’t (Necessarily) Know When You Know a Language 12. For each of the following statements: i. Identify which ones are prescriptive rules and which are descriptive. ii. Give an example of how the rule could be written the other way (that is, write the prescriptive rules are descriptive and the descriptive rules as prescriptive). A. It’s me is ungrammatical; It’s I is the correct way to express this idea. Prescriptive; It’s I is the correct way to express an idea, but It’s me is an additional form of the expression. B. People who say ain’t may suffer some negative social consequences, because many speakers of English associate ain’t with lack of education. Descriptive; People who say ain’t will suffer social consequences because it does not fit the English norm and it is not proper. C. In casual styles of speaking, English speakers frequently end sentences with prepositions; ending sentences with prepositions is avoided in formal styles. Descriptive; Never end a sentence with a preposition because is it not grammatically correct. D. Between you and me is correct; between you and I is ungrammatical. Prescriptive; Although between you and me is grammatically correct, between you and I can be another valid expression. E. Some speakers of English accept the sentence My mother loved . Descriptive; My Mother loved is not valid because a complete thought does not end with a verb. File 1.2 Design Features of Language 20. Consider the sign meaning “no-smoking.” The sign has two components; one meaning “no,” and the picture of the cigarette meaning “cigarette/smoking”. Does each of the components have an arbitrary or an iconic relation with its meaning? Please briefly explain your answer. Be sure to discuss each of the two elements separately.

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