{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

essay2 - Global History II Safford/Carroll Paths Less...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Global History II: Safford/Carroll Paths Less Traveled Polities and the world systems in which they operate are intrinsically bonded with each other. As polities rise and fall, the center of power within a world system rises and falls along with them. Thus, while world systems do not rise and fall in the same ways that nations, empires, or civilizations do, they swell when interactions along certain pathways rise and become dilapidated when connections along older pathways disintegrate. The ascent of a polity to power, then, is a key shift which in turn cultivates greater power for its world system. In order to understand the position of the current Europe and the Western world system, Charles Tilly formulates his explanation for the development of the European national-state through his book Coercion, Capital, and European States. Why was there such a great variety in the types of European states after AD 990 and the fall of the Roman Empire? Why did these greatly differing state types eventually conclude in the success of the national-state? Tilly elucidates the great variety of European states with their ultimate success in the form of the national-state through the concepts of coercion and capital; the constantly shifting balance in a state’s distribution of coercion and capital is the dynamic that creates the state’s political form. Tilly first defines states as “coercion-wielding organizations that are distinct from households and kinship groups and exercise clear priority in some respects over all other organizations within substantial territories” (Tilly 1). Their coexistence with their capitalistic inner force, the city, is described by Tilly as an “oscilla[tion] between love and hate”, a symbiotic yet innately paradoxical relationship—also the cause of the constant balancing act between coercion and capital that is central to Tilly’s thesis (Tilly 2).
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
National-states are defined as “states governing multiple contiguous regions and their cities by means of centralized, differentiated, and autonomous structures” (Tilly 2). National- states differ from nation-states in that the inhabitants of a national-state often do not share a “linguistic, religion, [or] symbolic identity”, and it is only after World War II that the majority of the world’s states have been national-states. Thus, we come to the problem of how national- states became a majority. Surrounded by a sea of empires or city-states, Europe after AD 990
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern