essay2 - Global History II: Safford/Carroll Paths Less...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Global History II: Safford/Carroll Paths Less Traveled Polities and the world systems in which they operate are intrinsically bonded with each other. As polities rise and fall, the center of power within a world system rises and falls along with them. Thus, while world systems do not rise and fall in the same ways that nations, empires, or civilizations do, they swell when interactions along certain pathways rise and become dilapidated when connections along older pathways disintegrate. The ascent of a polity to power, then, is a key shift which in turn cultivates greater power for its world system. In order to understand the position of the current Europe and the Western world system, Charles Tilly formulates his explanation for the development of the European national-state through his book Coercion, Capital, and European States. Why was there such a great variety in the types of European states after AD 990 and the fall of the Roman Empire? Why did these greatly differing state types eventually conclude in the success of the national-state? Tilly elucidates the great variety of European states with their ultimate success in the form of the national-state through the concepts of coercion and capital; the constantly shifting balance in a state’s distribution of coercion and capital is the dynamic that creates the state’s political form. Tilly first defines states as “coercion-wielding organizations that are distinct from households and kinship groups and exercise clear priority in some respects over all other organizations within substantial territories” (Tilly 1). Their coexistence with their capitalistic inner force, the city, is described by Tilly as an “oscilla[tion] between love and hate”, a symbiotic yet innately paradoxical relationship—also the cause of the constant balancing act between coercion and capital that is central to Tilly’s thesis (Tilly 2).
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
National-states are defined as “states governing multiple contiguous regions and their cities by means of centralized, differentiated, and autonomous structures” (Tilly 2). National- states differ from nation-states in that the inhabitants of a national-state often do not share a “linguistic, religion, [or] symbolic identity”, and it is only after World War II that the majority of the world’s states have been national-states. Thus, we come to the problem of how national- states became a majority. Surrounded by a sea of empires or city-states, Europe after AD 990
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLI_SCI 201 taught by Professor Derluguian during the Winter '07 term at Northwestern.

Page1 / 5

essay2 - Global History II: Safford/Carroll Paths Less...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online