The Lincoln Assassination - Paper(S) - Allen Lim Professor Lim U.S History to 1865 21 May 2013 The Lincoln Assassination John Wilkes Booth a famous

The Lincoln Assassination - Paper(S) - Allen Lim Professor...

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Allen LimProfessor LimU.S. History to 186521 May 2013“The Lincoln Assassination”John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor and confederate sympathizer, fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. The attack came only five days after confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his massive army at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the American Civil War. Although it is commonly known that John Wilkes Booth assassinated the president on April 14, 1865, He was abetted by eight conspirators. Abraham Lincoln’s killer, John Wilkes Booth was Maryland native born in 1863 who remained in the North during the Civil War despite his Confederate sympathies. As the conflict entered its final stages, he and several associates hatched a plot to kidnap the president and take him to Richmond, the confederate capital. However, on March 20, 1865, the day of the planning kidnapping, Lincoln failed to appear at the spot where Booth and his six fellow conspirators lay in wait. Two weeks later, Richmond fell to Union forces. In April, with Confederate armies near collapse across the South, Booth came up with a desperate plan to save the Confederacy. Learning that Lincoln was to attend Laura Keene’s acclaimed performance of “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C., on April 14,Booth himself a well known actor at the time mastermind the simultaneous assassination of Lincoln, Vice President Andrew Jackson and Secretary of State William H. Seward. By murdering the president and two of his possible successors, Booth and his conspirators hoped to throw the U.S. government into disarray.
Lincoln occupied a private box above the stage with his wife Mary, a young army officer name Henry Rathbone and Rathbone’s fiancé, Clara Harris, the daughter of New York Senator Ira Harris. The Lincolns arrived late for the comedy, but the president was reportedly in a fine mood and laughed heartily during the production. At 10:15, Booth slipped into the box and fired his .44-caliber single-shot derringer into the back of Lincoln's head. After stabbing Rathbone, who immediately rushed at him, in the shoulder, Booth leapt onto the stage and shouted, "Sic semper tyrannis!”. At first, the crowd interpreted the unfolding drama as part of the production, but a scream from the first lady told them otherwise. Although

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