Gov't 9.10 - Lecture 3 Federalism Federalism a system of...

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September 10, 2013Lecture 3: FederalismFederalism- a system of government in which power is divided, by a constitution, between a central government and regional governmentU.S. – this is the division of power between the federal government and the state governments***can promote and hinder democracyUnitary SystemUnitary- a centralized government system in which lower levels of government have little power independent of the national governmentCentral government grants powers to regional governmentFederal System- a system of government in which the national government shares power with the lower levels of government, such as states***Responsibilities and powers divided between central government and regional governments or states; neither level dependent on the other for its power***United States is a major exampleFirst nation to adopt federalismPowers reserved for the statesReserved powers: The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution states that powers not specifically delegated to the federal government or denied to the states are reserved for the statesPolice powers- power reserved to the state government to regulate the health, safety, and morals of its citizensEx. Speed limits, drinking agePowers reserved for the Federal GovernmentExpressed powers- specific powers granted by the Constitution to Congress and the

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