JAN 29 AMS355 - January 29, 2008 JOHN WINTHROP AND...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
January 29, 2008 JOHN WINTHROP AND POLITICAL PURITANISM I. Practicality of Puritanism a. Necessity of government i. Man is evil – everything comes out of this. The way men and women dealt with one another, the way the education system runs, etc. If man is evil, then he needs to be governed. When they came to the New World there was no government and the Puritans had the chance to start all over again. They got to make the rules as they went along, even more so than the Pilgrims, because the Pilgrims were living on land owned by a trading company. ii. Power corrupts – need to have power to control man, and have a government that has sufficient power, but, your need purity. Absolute power corrupts absolutely and the whole reason for being in the New World is gone. However, if you don’t have enough power to protect your church, someone could come in and take over. There needs to be a balance of power and purity. The Pilgrims struggled with having excessive purity. 1. Plymouth as pure II. John Winthrop a. Early life – was the first governor in Massachusetts Bay, and was governor for the rest of his life. He was saturated in his particular form of Puritanism. Came from SE England from a pretty well known family. His father was a lawyer, as well as a landowner. The family was as mainstream as you could get, they supported the king and wanted John to get into a position of power. They sent John to Cambridge to become a lawyer and when he came back, he was a lawyer and a Puritan (Cambridge was full of puritans) i. College graduate, convert – b. Economic threat i. Royal Court of Wards – was a lawyer here, deals with women and children who do not have a male (grandfather, uncle, father) and are left to the Wards. Winthrop’s job was to protect widows and orphans, and what he found there was that England was totally rotten. He found out that this court was just an extortion scheme, to get the money from the women and give it to these wealthy men. 1. Government corruption 2. Religious prejudice – as well as the above corruption, Winthrop was fired for being a Puritan. c. Charles I i. Economic and religious threats – Charles the I embodied these threats, spend so much money. when Parliament wouldn’t give Charles money, he would extort money until he got what he wanted. He was the one who sold the land to the Massachusetts Bat company, because he needed the money. Charles also began
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
filling the church with Arminians. ii. Arminianism - The Arminians thought that man was not evil. The man who represented the Arminians was William Laud and made certain that none of the Puritans could get into positions of power, not even to become a priest. You had to see his way and he began to eliminate anyone who had any sympathies to the Purtians within the Church of England. 1.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course AMS 355 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Page1 / 6

JAN 29 AMS355 - January 29, 2008 JOHN WINTHROP AND...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online