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Unformatted text preview: ances where risks of nuclear proliferation and actual nuclear use arguably have increased in recent years. This negative trend is a product of continued US nuclear threat projection against the DPRK as part of a humanity, not least of which is the increasing proliferation of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction. general program of coercive diplomacy in this region, North Korea’s nuclear weapons programme, the breakdown in the Chinesehosted Six Party Talks towards the end of the Bush Administration, regional concerns over China’s increasing military power, and concerns within some quarters in regional states (Japan, South Korea, Taiwan) about The consequences of failing to address the proliferation threat posed by the North Korea developments, and related political and economic issues, are serious , not only for the Northeast Asian region but for the whole international community. At worst, there is the possibility of nuclear attack1, whether by intention, miscalculation, or merely accident, leading to the resumption of Korean War hostilities. On the Korean Peninsula itself, key population centres are whether US extended deterrence (“nuclear umbrella”) afforded under bilateral security treaties can be relied upon for protection. well within short or medium range missiles. The whole of Japan is likely to come within North Korean missile range. Pyongyang has a population of over 2 millio...
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- Summer '12