Week 4: Lecture 10Monday, October 21, 2013Gifford Pinchot and the National Forest IdeaMarsh and Man & Nature•Changed his lifeSilviculture•Tree-growing like crop growing for sustainable yield•Forests cut down centuries and millennium agoDetrich Brandis•1888: Pinchot studied under him"Colossus of Development•In full control in US•Cutting down of forest•Termed by Pinchot•Trains carried out trees•Clear-cuttingoCauses erosion and forest can't repair itselfoLeave trees standing and clear out slash to prevent fires1890 US Census Report•No more frontier in the US•No area less than 2 sq. miles between people•Real shocker to everyoneoCant afford to waste resources anymore•InexhaustibilityForest Reserve Act of 1891•Part of agricultural appropriation•Gave president authority to set aside forest land in the westoTake land out of being claimed by actsoReserved landBenjamin Harrison•First president after the Forest Reserve Act•Set aside 13 million acres in the remote westoPowerful thing for a president to dooAnimosity did not arise because he reserved land far out from communitiesGrover Cleveland•President after Harrison•Democratic Party turned back on him so he wanted to do something to leave as a legacyoHad agents go out and look at more forest reserves
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Gifford Pinchot, Pinchot, United States Forest Service, National Forest Commission