HIST128 final

HIST128 final - IDs "Spotty" Lincoln- asking President...

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IDs “Spotty” Lincoln - asking President James Polk to admit that the "spot" where American blood was first shed was Mexican territory. Nickname while in congress. Fort Sumter - beginning of civil war- located in Charleston, NC- union victory led to South Carolina secession. Bleeding Kansas - pro/anti-slavery violence in KS- proslavery gang attacked Lawrence and burned buildings- John brown retaliated for attack by mutilating five proslavery settlers. Sojourner Truth - Abolitionist and women’s rights activist. Author. Hard war - based on the idea of demoralizing Confederates through the seizure and destruction of civilian property. Soft war Habeas corpus - suspended by Lincoln to stop protests against the draft and disloyal activities. Emancipation Proclamation - 1863- after the battle of Antietam- abolished slavery Enrollment Act - provided fresh union soldiers between the ages of 20-45. Allowed men to avoid the draft by paying $300 to hire a substitute- “Rich man’s war, Poor man’s fight”- sparked draft riots in New York. Dred Scott v. Sanford - Supreme court ruling that escaped slave living in free-state is declared not free. Slaves are private property which cant be taken away. Fugitive Slave Act – Compromise of 1850- removed black’s habeas corpus- slave catchers Mexican War - Republic of Texas enters union in 1845- Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo - John Calhoun- Paid Mexico 15 million for Texas, New Mexico and California. Wilmot Proviso - David Wilmot, 1846- prohibit institution of slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico- Turned down by proslavery democrats and southerners in the Senate. Divided Democratic Party in the north and changed dynamics of America politics. Contrabands - Contraband of War- run away slaves. John Brown - “bleeding Kansas”- led assault on harpers ferry, VA- hanged for his actions. Led slaves in revolution at Harper’s Ferry. Copperheads - Northern Democrats who opposed civil war. Paradoxical trinity - three aspects: the people, the commander and his army, and the government “fire-eaters” - extremist pro-slavery politicians from the South who urged the separation of southern states into a new nation, which became known as the Confederate States of America. Jefferson Davis - southern democrat- pro-slavery- president of the confederacy Charles Sumner - Massachusetts- leader of anti-slavery forces in MASS and radical republican leader in the senate. Compromise of 1850 - Popular Sovereignty- brings CA into union- settles TX/MX border- abolishes the slave trade in DC- Fugitive slave law. Stephen A. Douglas - Democrat of Illinois- Popular Sovereignty- supported construction of transcontinental railroad. Compromise of 1850. Radical Republican - loose faction of republicans. John brown was a member. Kansas “Constitution without slavery”
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 128 taught by Professor Webber during the Fall '07 term at Kansas.

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HIST128 final - IDs "Spotty" Lincoln- asking President...

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