Chapter 15 - Review for Final - Chapter 15 1. A trained...

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Review for Final - Chapter 15 1. A trained therapist who uses psychological techniques to assist someone to overcome excessive anxiety would generally be best described as a A) psychoanalyst. B) psychotherapist. C) psychopharmacologist. D) psychodynamic therapist. 2. Schizophrenia is a disorder that is MOST likely to be treated with A) biomedical therapies. B) behavior therapies. C) psychoanalysis. D) cognitive therapies. 3. Sigmund Freud introduced a form of psychotherapy known as A) counterconditioning. B) active listening. C) cognitive therapy. D) psychoanalysis. 4. Psychoanalytic techniques are designed primarily to help patients A) focus on their immediate conscious feelings. B) feel more trusting toward others. C) become aware of their repressed conflicts and impulses. D) develop greater self-esteem. 5. Psychoanalytic interpretation is designed to promote A) transference. B) meta-analysis. C) systematic desensitization. D) insight. 6. Which form of therapy is most likely to be described as expensive and time-consuming? A) systematic desensitization B) client-centered therapy C) psychoanalysis D) cognitive therapy 7. Humanistic therapists are most likely to A) encourage clients to carefully observe the consequences of their maladaptive behaviors. B) focus special attention on clients' positive and negative feelings toward their therapists. C) emphasize the importance of self-awareness for psychological adjustment. D) help clients identify a hierarchy of anxiety-arousing experiences. 8. Which approach emphasizes the importance of providing patients with feelings of unconditional positive regard? A) cognitive therapy B) psychoanalysis C) client-centered therapy D) systematic desensitization 9. Client-centered therapists are most likely to A) help clients associate anxiety-arousing stimuli with a pleasant state of relaxation. B) encourage clients to carefully observe the consequences of their maladaptive behaviors. C) restate and seek further clarification of what clients say during the course of therapy. D) vigorously challenge clients' self-defeating thoughts. 10. Repeatedly introducing people to things they fear and avoid is most characteristic of A) stress inoculation training. B) exposure therapies. C) behavior modification. D) rTMS. 11. Systematic desensitization involves the use of A) aversive conditioning. C) unconditional positive regard. B)
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