Steve_Heimler_-Period_5_notes - Manifest Destiny Westward...

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Manifest Destiny- Westward Expansion was American’s “Destiny” John O’ Sullivan popularized Manifest Destiny, posses the whole continent from sea to sea, American’s believed that it was their god given right to have a nation that extends from the pacific ocean to the atlantic ocean. -Reasons for Manifest Destiny Needed more accesses to mineral and natural resources, California Gold Rush New Economic and Homesteading opportunities, preemption acts made vast tracts of land available for cheap to anyone who wanted to buy and set up a homestead and get to farming. Religious Refuge, Mormons fled to Utah because of persecution and their belief of polygamy. Election of James K.Polk Big believer of manifest destiny, he had his eye on a couple of territories to add to the union such as Texas and oregon. Texas still belonged to Mexico,most people who resided in texas were protestant and supported slavery. In 1829 the mexican government made two requirements to the immigrants living in texas those being that they must convert to roman catholicism and that slavery was out lawed. Texans revolted under the leadership of Sam Houston and declared Texas to be an independent republic. Alamo was one by Mexico but in retaliation the Texans beat Mexico in the battle of San Jacinto and captured the mexican general and forced him to sign a treaty granting Texas independence. James K polk wanted america to annex oregon, texas and california. Mexican- American War - Causes: Tension between texas and the mexican government grew because of texas annexation and the election of james k. Polk who’s campaign promises were to annex texas. -Polk sent general Zachary Taylor with his troops and were met by mexican troops resulting in 11 Americans dead, Polk was outraged and called for a war with mexico. -America won the Mexican-American War - Effects: Many land gained for the united states that came from the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo- established the rio grande as the southern border of texas and the mexican cession in which mexico ceded california and new mexico to the us for 15 million dollars Tensions with the expansion of slavery in land that came from the mexican cession - Southern position :Slavery was a constitutional right, Slavery had been decided in Misouri
Compromise - Abolitionists - wanted to ban slavery everywhere -Popular Sovereignty -Argued that the people living in each territory should decide the slavery question for themselves Different positions could not come to an agreement causing some states to file for succession.

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