Intro to politics
King Louis Xiv
King Louis Xiv was born on September 5, 1638 and died at the age of seventy
seven, on September 1, 1715.
He was the king of France from May 14, 1643, until he
He complied to the throne a few months before his fifth birthday, but did not
assume actual personal control of the government until the death of his First Minister,
Jules Cardinal Mazarin, in 1661.
He was known as “The Sun King” or “Louis the Great”
because he was the longest reigned king of any major European monarch.
increased his power by fighting two minor conflicts.
They included the War of
Devolution and the War of the Reunions.
Also, he had fought three major battles,
including: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the
The political and military prospect in France during his reign was
overflowing with different people and names.
These names included” “Mazarin,
Fouquet, Colbert, Michel le Tellier, his son Louvois, the Great Condé, Turenne, Vauban,
Villars and Tourville.”
Louis XIV was an absolute monarch. He was often called “the Sun King,” and
ruled over France. He dedicated himself to helping France achieve economic, political,
and cultural importance. Many historians believe the phrase “absolute power corrupts
absolutely” mirrors Louis’ reign. Louis XIV revoked the Edict on Nantes, changing the
economy of France in one motion. By creating the city of Versailles and being a major
patron of the arts, Louis was very influential on French culture. He made France go
almost bankrupt from his costly wars and failures.