Chapter 22.docx - Chapter 22 Joseph Haydn String Quartet in...

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Chapter 22 Joseph Haydn String Quartet in C Major, op. 76, no. 3, second movement String Quartet, op. 76. No.3 Composed: 1797 An example of how composers sustain interest with repetition, variation, and contrast - (good melody) Melodic theme dedicated to Emperor Franz II (birthday gift / song) - popular, Austria’s unofficial national anthem Theme repeated four times unchanged Haydn didn’t want to alter the melody (dilemma) = the ideal emperor, symbolized by the melody, is steadfast and not subject to change Same theme, but different instruments and musical lines to accompany it Contrasting music lines add interest Each player has equal status in a string quartet A conversation among four equal participants Composing for string quartet Challenging, limited instruments (timbral constraints) But it's a good challenge for composers Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven Demonstrated skilled composition writing Classical Era String Quartet typically have four movements 1st movement: Fast tempo, sonata form

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