talk 3 - Ch.3SoundsofLanguage Yule G(2010 The Study of...

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Ch. 3 Sounds of Language Yule, G. (2010). The Study of Language (4th ed.). New York: Cambridge.
GHOTI(fish) gh can represent [f] but only at the end of a word, like rough and laugh . At the beginning of a word, it’s pronounced [g], like ghost. gh can also be silent, like in high and might . The o represents [ I ] in wo men . [ ] sound can be spelled eleven ways in ʃ English: sh irt, s ugar, ch ute, ac ti on, i ss ue, o ce an, con sci ous, man si on, sch wa,
How are speech sounds consistently represented in written form? Phonetic alphabet Speech sounds represented by symbols in brackets. [t] [p] [i] [ ] ǝ International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) also includes speech sounds that are not a part of the English language. [x]
Phonetics : The study of speech sounds Articulatory phonetics: How speech sounds are _articulated _ Acoustic phonetics: physical properties of speech sounds (sound waves, frequency, amplitude) Auditory phonetics: perception of sounds
Vocal Tract In order to produce speech sounds, we must first have air in our lungs. Sound is generated at the larynx _ . Vocal fold vibration = voiceless vs. voiced sounds (sss vs. zzz)
epiglottis and swallowing abnormal epiglottis Epiglottis
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Repertoire of Speech Sounds Changing shape of vocal tract by constriction of air. Constriction done by articulators .

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