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Unformatted text preview: Journalism and Science Like scientists, journalists do not believe in absolute truth. Truth is provisional. It changes over time. Journalism and Science Like scientists, journalists strive for a pragmatic truth, a truth that helps explain the world and helps you function day-to-day Journalism and Science Like science, journalism employs a system of peer review. Journalism and Science Like the scientific method, the journalistic process of verification relies on a system of sorting and testing information Journalistic Truth
Journalistic truth is the best obtainable version of the truth on any given day. It is a continuing journey toward understanding . . . which begins on the first day of a story and builds over time. The Lesson for the News Consumer
Follow the Story Over Time How Journalists Pursue the Truth The Verification Process
A process that takes newsworthy information and seeks to check its credibility and reliability before it is published or broadcast as news. How Journalists Pursue the Truth The Verification Process
Journalists Gather, Assess, and Weigh Information Journalists Add Meaning to Facts Through Context and Balance Journalists Explain How They Know What They Know and What They Don't Know How Journalists Pursue the Truth
The Search for Evidence
Direct Evidence Indirect Evidence How Journalists Pursue the Truth Direct Evidence
The Principals Eyewitnesses Documents and Records Photographs and Videos How Journalists Pursue the Truth Indirect Evidence
Other Press Accounts Copies of Documents
-i.e. Government Spokesmen, Police Officers, -Interested Third Parties, etc. Secondary Sources The Lesson for the News Consumer
Always ask: Did the Reporter Open the Freezer? How Journalists Pursue the Truth Five Questions the Reporter Should Have Asked
1) How do you know that? 2) Did you see it? 3) Who told you this? 4) Are you 100 per cent sure it happened? 5) Who else can confirm this? Another Lesson for the News Consumer Evaluate Sources Evaluate Sources Evaluate Sources How Journalists Pursue the Truth Judging the Reliability of Sources
1) Named Sources Are Better Than Unnamed Sources 2) Authoritative Sources Better Than Uninformed Sources 3) Independent Sources Are Better Than Self-Interested Sources 4) Sources Who Verify Are Better Than Sources Who Assert 5) Multiple Sources Are Better Than Single Sources ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course JRN 101 taught by Professor Schneider during the Fall '07 term at SUNY Stony Brook.
- Fall '07