ODER 1120 part 2.edited.docx - 1 a The birth of American colonies in two separate times and place and the two different social and economic systems

ODER 1120 part 2.edited.docx - 1 a The birth of American...

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1 a. The birth of American colonies in two separate times and place and the two different social and economic systems governing the North and the South since the beginning The birth of the two American colonies, the South and the North, began during two different times and locations. The first colony was founded in 1606; fourteen years later, the Pilgrims established the second, referred to as Plymouth. In both regions, Massachuttsin in the North and Virginia in the South, the colonist's survival depended on the Native American's assistance. The native Americans offered them grains like corn which prevented the colonists from facing malnourishment. The southern and Northern colonies evolved differently based on their various reasons for settling and environment. While the South's climate favored economic activities like farming, the southern territory did not develop for religious reasons. That is because the North's soil did not favor farming as the region was colder, forcing the people of the North to find other sources of income to survive. On the other hand, the southern colonies took advantage of the climate and the soil condition to set up huge plantations, symbolizing the industrial prowess and how different they were from those in the North. The southern economies were mainly run by slaves, with the colonists aspiring for the freedom of economic opportunity. The South, therefore, focused more on massive slave work in growing rice and tobacco, which they would sell to England. They aimed to ensure England's prosperity and become mercantilist. Their government was based on royal Kingship, and the King would appoint a governor who presided over the state. However, the people would choose the assembly as the southern colony had several plantation fields and a smaller town. Hence the people needed to elect the body to reside over them. However, as Northern America was colonized for freedom of
2 worship, their colonies were theocracy-based, where the state compelled the people to worship and live in an orthodox manner. b. The disappearance of the fear from Britain holding the two societies together following the War of 1812 The American war of independence saw Britain losing most of its colonies in America hence saw no reason to keep holding the two societies together. Therefore, it lost its oldest and most populous colonies in North America and decided to look for settlements in other regions of the world. It went to the Pacific, Africa, and Asia. The country saw similar potentials in receiving favorable soil to practice agriculture and make some raw materials for its industries back at home. Though the war offered Great Britain territorial gains in North America, it also presented numerous disputes over the frontier policy. That led to further colonial discontent and the American revolution as Americans swore to go beyond means to keep the British away, enabling them to gain long-awaited independence. Consequently, the

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