Copy_of_Opium_War_Primary_Source_Analysis - Commissioner...

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Commissioner Lin’s Letter to Queen Victoria Introduction : Lin Zexu was a Chinese scholar-official of the Qing dynasty. In 1839, he wrote this open letter to Queen Victoria, urging her to end the opium trade . After a long period of commercial intercourse, there appear among the crowd of barbarians both good persons and bad, unevenly. Consequently there are those who smuggle opium to seduce the Chinese people and so cause the spread of the poison to all provinces. Such persons who only care to profit themselves, and disregard their harm to others, are not tolerated by the laws of heaven and are unanimously hated by human beings. His Majesty the Emperor, upon hearing of this, is in a towering rage. He has sent me, his commissioner, to come to Kwangtung, and to investigate and settle this matter. All those people in China who sell opium or smoke opium should receive the death penalty. We have however received a specially extended favor from his Majesty the Emperor, who considers that for those

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