midtermstudyguide - Gender and Communication Midterm Social...

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Gender and Communication Midterm Social construction (JTW 2) means something is changeable. This concept allows us to question and resist its continuation. In the readings, inequality is offered as a prime example of a social construction that influences our lives. Inclusive language (JTW 5) is more than simply “adding” women. Inclusive language is used to recognize individuals and groups marginalized in current society. For example, the word “partner” is more inclusive than “spouse” because the latter term excludes gays and lesbians and fails to acknowledge the intimate connection between people who cohabit without marriage. Feminism (JTW 3-4) is a word that has different meanings for different people. It comes from a French word meaning “woman” and “political position.” Most feminists agree that it is a “a movement for social, political, and economic equality of women and men,” and many people go beyond this to work to increase rights for all disadvantaged groups. Feminism is a process. The stages are denial, anger, abiding commitment to change. Reflexivity (D&P 26) Ethnographer Bud Goodall (2000) provides an excellent definition: “To be reflective means to turn back on our self the lens through which we are interpreting the world. Reflexivity encourages open examination of your relationship to what you are studying. Intersectionality (D&P 8-9) is the notion that identity is multiplicative--each identity element is inextricably linked to the other. All elements are interlocking parts of a whole. Gendered lens (D&P 4) Views about gender and sex create a gendered lens through which we view reality. In this course, we want to challenge predominant views by using analytical tools to construct a more critical gendered lens. Culture (17) The structures and practices, especially those relating to communication, through which a particular social order is produced and reproduced by legitimizing certain values, expectations, meanings, and patterns of behavior Essentializing (20) The reduction of a phenomenon to its essential characteristics, which are generally presumed to be innate or unchangeable. To essentialize the sexes is to imply that all women are alike in basic respects, that all men are alike in basic respects, and that the two sexes are distinct from each other because of fundamental, essential qualities. Communication (33-36) is a dynamic, systemic process in which meanings are created and reflected in and through humans' interactions with symbols. Communication has two levels of meaning (1) The content level is its literal meaning. Content level meanings are formal, or denotative, meanings of messages. (2) The relationship level of meaning is the nonliteral meaning of communication. It defines the relationship between the communicators by indicating each person's identity and the communicators' relationship to each other. It may provide cues about how to interpret the literal meaning of a joke, for instance a joke.
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