Brym_Ch4 - Chapter 4: Socialization Social Isolation & the...

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Chapter 4: SocializationSocial Isolation & the Crystallization of Self IdentityWild boy of Aveyron [was isolated from humans, and thus, abnormal]Suffer from congenitally subnormal intelligenceoUncertain how much or what type of social control they had beforeSocialization:process by which ppl learn their cultureoUnleashes human potentialoThey do so by:1. Entering and disengaging from a succession of roles2. Becoming aware of themselves as they interact with othersRole:the behaviour expected of a person occupying a particular positionRene Spitz:did natural experiment:oChildren raised in prisons vs. Those raised in an orphanageoPrison children had normal growth; orphans growth was much sloweroConcluded childhood socialization is important in making us fully humanw/o childhood socialization, human potential remains undevelopedadolescence:turbulent period of rapid self developmentagents of socialization:families, schools, peer groups, mass mediaTheories of Childhood SocializationFreudfounder of psychoanalysistheory:self emerges during early social interaction and early childhood experience exertsa lasting impact on personality developmentSelf Image/ Sense of Self: set of ideas and attitudes abt who they are as independentbeingsoSelf imagine begins to emerge as soon as id’s demands are deniedChild eventually develops asense of what constitutes appropriate behaviourUnconscious:part of self that contains repressed memories we are not aware ofoEmergence of superego is painful/frustrating processoRepressed memories influence emotions/actions even after they’re stored awayoPainful instances of childhood repression may cause psychological problemsoRequiring therapy to correctoSome repression is the cost of civilizationWhen ego fails to balance the needs of id and the superego, indi develop personalitydisordersCRITICISM of Freud’s argument:|
o1.The connection b/w early childhood development and adult personality aremore complex than Freud assumedFailed to anticipate that depth, problem solving ability, maturity mightderive from painful experienceso2. Gender bias in Freud’s analysis of male and female sexualityFreud: normal women are immature n dependent on men b/c they envymale sexual organClassified mature and independent women as abnormalo3. For neglecting socialization AFTER childhoodFreud: believed human personality is fixed at abt age 5WRONG! Socialization continues throughout the life courseCooley’s Symbolic InteractionismCharles Horton Cooley:oIntroduced idea of the “looking glass self”oFounder of symbolic InteractionismoObserved that when we interact with others, they gesture and react to usAllows us to imagine how we appear to themWe then judge how others evaluate usFrom these judgements, we develop a self concept or a set offeelings/ideas of who we areo

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Term
Fall
Professor
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Tags
Sociology, Self Identity, ppl, w o childhood socialization

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