Explain the similarities and differences between the European System of Central Banks and - Explain the similarities and differences between the

Explain the similarities and differences between the European System of Central Banks and

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Explain the similarities and differences between the European System of Central Banks and the Federal Reserve System. Answer: The similarities between the two are in their structure. The National Central Banks of the member countries of the Eurosystem have the same role as the Federal Reserve Banks in the Federal Reserve system. The Executive Board and the Governing Council of the Eurosystem resemble the Board of Governors and the Federal Open Market Committee of the Federal Reserve System, respectively. There are three major differences between the two. The first difference is concerning the control of the budgets. In the Fed, the Board of Governors controls the budgets of the Reserve Banks while in the Eurosystem, the National Banks control the budget of the European Central Bank.!!The second difference is the monetary operations of the Eurosystem are conducted by the National Banks, so they are not as centralized as the monetary operations in the Federal Reserve System. Finally, the European Central Bank is not involved in the supervision and regulation of the financial institutions in the euro zone while the Federal Reserve is involved with the

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