Unit 10 US History 1-Returning to Normalcy1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition.a. American Federation of Labor : One of the first federations, or groups, of labor unions. It was founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886. The AFL began as a group of craft unions and was more concerned with the working conditions of its members than with political goals.b. Fordism : The economic and social consequences of Henry Ford's development of mass production. Lower production costs allowed ordinary people to buy more goods.c. assembly line : A manufacturing process of machines and workers in which a product passes from one operation to the next in a direct line until it is completed.d. Teapot Dome scandal : The secret leasing, or renting, of oil-rich government land to certain oilcompanies. The government official who was responsible, Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall, was convicted for taking money in return for making these leases.e. Herbert Hoover : (1874 – 1964) The 31st president of the United States. The Great Depressionbegan during his presidency.f. Calvin Coolidge : (1872 – 1933) The 30th president of the United States. He was the vice president under President Warren G. Harding and took over when Harding died in office. He is remembered for policies that reduced the government's involvement in the country's economy.2. Why did Warren G. Harding win the election of 1920?Harding's campaign promised a return to"normalcy," rejecting the activism of Theodore Roosevelt and the idealism of Woodrow Wilson. Voters responded to his genial nature, impressive stature, and bland message; he won by a landslide.3. What kind of corruption was common during the Harding administration and what scandal erupted during his presidency?Harding released political prisoners who had been arrested for their opposition to World War I. His cabinet members Albert B. Fall (Interior Secretary) and HarryDaugherty (Attorney General) were each later tried for corruption in office; these and other scandals greatly damaged Harding's posthumous reputation.4. Why did many workers who worked for successful companies choose not to join labor unions?In late 1800 many workers joined the labor union because they were not getting enough money to feed their family and pay for food. The workers were only getting $10 a week for all the hard work they do, working 12 hours a day and also putting their lives in danger. This made may workers very angry and thought they deserved a raise. For successful workers who worked in successful companies,there was no need to join the labor unions because they had a relatively
good pay.5. Why were layaway and credit plans popular for buying things in the 1920s?It was popular because they were able to pay little by little for their products instead of having to pay full price at one time.