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Unit 13US History1- Conservatives1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition.a. Roe v. Wade : A landmark 1973 Court decision that said a woman could have an abortion until"viability" (the ability of a fetus to survive outside the uterus). Subsequent Court rulings have further restricted this. The Court's decision used the right to privacy from the Bill of Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. constitution. The decision still causes serious arguments today.b. Contract with America : A statement released by the Republican Party during the congressional campaigns of 1994. It was a promise to lower taxes and reduce the size of government if Republicans won enough congressional seats.c. George H. W. Bush : (1924 - ) The 41st president of the United States. He served as a congressman, the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, and Ronald Reagan's vice president. During his presidency, the Soviet Union fell apart, the Berlin Wall came down, and the United States was involved in military action in Panama and the Persian Gulf.d. Internet : A system that allows billions of computers worldwide to connect with each other using television and telephone technology. A huge amount of information is available on the Internet; it also provides new ways to communicate and exchange video, music, and text files.e. Iran-Contra scandal : A 1986 political scandal during the Reagan administration that came from reports of the secret sale of weapons to Iran in exchange for the release of American prisoners being held in Iran. Profits from the sale went to help rebel groups in Nicaragua, known as contras.f. New Right : A term to describe the conservative groups and policies that gained political powerduring the 1970s and 1980s. Right-wing, or conservative, policies support smaller government, social order, and traditional ways of life.g. Persian Gulf War : Also known as Operation Desert Storm, the Gulf War, and the First Gulf War.From 1990 to 1991, with the approval of the United Nations, 34 countries sent troops to fight Iraq after its army attacked Kuwait. Most of the troops were from the United States and were sent by President George H.W. Bush.h. Reaganomics : The economic policies of President Ronald Reagan in the 1980s. These policies included reducing government spending, lowering tax rates for businesses and wealthy people, and reducing government regulation (or rules) on business.i. Reagan Doctrine : The policy of President Ronald Reagan that supported using U.S. intelligence
operations to sponsor and support guerrilla warfare overseas with the goal of preventing the spread of Communism.k. stagflation : An economic condition of stagnation, or slow economic growth, combined with inflation, or rising prices. High unemployment also occurs during stagflation.