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Unit 12 HistoryChange is in the air1- A New Time is Coming 1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition.a. Civil Rights Act of 1964 : An important set of laws passed by the U.S. Congress. The act made itillegal to have separate schools for different races. It also became illegal to have separate public areas for different races.b. Lyndon B. Johnson : (1908 - 1973) The 36th president of the United States, completing the term of John F. Kennedy after Kennedy was assassinated, or murdered. He is remembered for hisGreat Society social programs in America and for greatly increasing American involvement in the Vietnam War.c. New Frontier : A term used by John F. Kennedy in the presidential election of 1960. It was usedto name the programs and policies of his presidency.2. How did President Kennedy represent a change in American politics? He initiated the moon landing project which did stimulate not only the economy but innovation and commercial applications for discoveries and consequently the economy. His election as a Catholic was an historic glass breaker. The Cuban missile crisis showed the U S would not be intimidated.3. How did the assassination of the president in 1963 impact American politics?On November 22, 1963., the President of United States of America, John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated while visiting Dallas, Texas. Even before the death of JFK, there where tensions in Congress regarding the legislation of civil rights, which Kennedy had proposed. After Kennedy’s death, his successor, vice president Lyndon B. Johnson went through with the legislation of the Civil Rights Act (1964) and Voting Rights Act (1965).4. What issues did President Johnson move forward on in 1964 and how did he do in the electionthat year?Johnson reached the presidency aboard Air Force One in Dallas after it was confirmed that Kennedy was dead. Up until the 1964 election, he implemented Kennedy's Civil Rights Act and a tax change that had been stranded in Congress. He carried out a number of key social bills under the heading "The Great Society". He was re-elected in 1964. He won over Republican candidate Barry Goldwater with the most votes a president has received in US history.2- The Vietnam War and American Politics1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition.a. Gulf of Tonkin incident : The name given to two events in the Gulf of Tonkin off the coast of
Vietnam on August 2 and 4, 1964. Ships belonging to the United States and North Vietnam fired on each other. This led the U.S. Congress to pass the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving President Johnson the power to respond to attacks.b. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution : Legal action the U.S. Congress passed to give President Lyndon B. Johnson power to respond to attacks against U.S. forces in Vietnam. This was in response to armed conflict in the Gulf of Tonkin in Vietnam. President Johnson used the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution to increase U.S. military forces in Vietnam.