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Chapter 5 supplement - Base Name(root of some common...

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Name Symbol Base name Anion name Symbol Fluorine F Fluor- Fluor ide F - (Group # - 8) Chlorine Cl Chlor- Chlor ide Cl - (Group # - 8) Bromine Br Brom- Brom ide Br - (Group # - 8) Iodine I Iod- Iod ide I - (Group # - 8) Oxygen O Ox- Ox ide O 2- (Group # - 8) Sulfur S Sulf(ur)- Sulf ide S 2- (Group # - 8) Nitrogen N Nitr- Nitr ide N 3- (Group # - 8) Phosphorous P Phosph(or)- Phosph ide P 3- (Group # - 8) Carbon C Carb(on)- Carb ide C 4- (Group # - 8) Base Name (root) of some common nonmetal elements Oxyanions (EO y n- ): If E is Group 7 (A or B), EO 4 - : per+B.N.+ -ate, EO 3 - : B.N.+ -ate, EO 2 - : B.N.+ -ite, … If E is in Period 2, EO 3 n- : B.N.+ -ate EO 2 n- : B.N. + -ite If E is rest, EO 4 n- : B.N. + -ate EO 3 n- ; B.N. + -ite Charge of the series = group # of E + (max # of O) x (-2) Prefix suffix oxyanions per- -ate ClO 4 , BrO 4 , IO 4 MnO 4 , (permanganate) -ate ClO 3 , BrO 3 , IO 3 , SO 4 2- , NO 3 , PO 4 3- (phosph ate ), CO 3 2- (carbon ate ), CrO 4 2 , (chromate) -ite ClO 2 , BrO 2 , IO 2 , SO 3 2- , NO 2 , hypo- -ite ClO , BrO , IO Oxyanions containing hydrogen (H + ): one H + : hydrogen oxyanion; or bi+oxyanion two H +
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