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Combine unlike merge sort no work needed since

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Unformatted text preview: alls to quicksort. Combine: unlike merge sort, no work needed since Combine the subarrays are sorted in place already. 4 Quicksort The basic algorithm to sort an array A consists of The the following four easy steps: If the number of elements in A is 0 or 1, then return Pick any element v in A. This is called the pivot Partition A-{v} (the remaining elements in A) into two disjoint groups: A1 = {x ∈ A-{v} | x ≤ v}, and A2 = {x ∈ A-{v} | x ≥ v} return { quicksort(A1) followed by v followed by quicksort(A2)} 5 Quicksort Small instance has n ≤ 1 Small Every small instance is a sorted instance To sort a large instance: To select a pivot element from out of the n elements Partition the n elements into 3 groups left, middle Partition and right The middle group contains only the pivot element All elements in the left group are ≤ pivot All elements in the right group are ≥ pivot Sort left and right groups recursively Sort Answer is sorted left group, followed by middle Answer group followed by sorted right group 6 Example 6 2 8 5 11 10 4 1 9 7 3 Use 6 as the pivot 2 5 4 1 3 6 7 9 10 11 8 Sort left and right groups recursively 7 Quicksort Code Quicksort(A, p, r) { if (p < r) { q = Partition(A, p, r) Quicksort(A, p , q-1) Quicksort(A, q+1 , r) } } Initial call is Quicksort(A, 1, n), where n in the Initial Quicksort length of A 8 Partition Clearly, all the action takes place in the Clearly, partition() function partition() Rearranges the subarray in place End resu...
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