Psych 101 - Notes - EXAM 1 MATERIAL 4258838060 x712 Renee...

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9/27/06 EXAM 1 MATERIAL 4258838060 x712 – Renee EQUS 9/28/06 2. Goals of Psych 1. Description 2. Understanding/Explanation 3. Prediction a. Hypothesis -> Testing 4. Control a. Conduct Research i. Experiements 5. Application a. Helping patients, etc 3. Basic vs. Applied Research a. Basic: Primary Goal is to increase knowledge b. Applied: Primary Goal is to solve/address some practical problem or enhance people’s lives 4. Psychological Perspectives a. Perspective i. Pychodynamic (Freud) (general term compared to psychoanalytic subtype) b. Basic View i. Unconscious Mind (lots of internal motivations, not aware of those, defense mechanisms to deal with problems) c. Causal Factors i. Unc. Motives/conflicts, unc defenses, childhood 9/29/06 1. Psych Perspectives Continued from yesterday a. Perspective i. Behavioral (must measure behavior, can’t observe anything else) ii. Humanistic iii. Cognitive iv. Sociocultural v. Biological b. Basic View i. Stimulus Response ii. Human as free agent iii. Human as thinker iv. Social-cultural context 1. Social Psychology – how does the social environment influence our behavior, thoughts, and emotions 2. Cultural (cross-cultural) Psychology – Behavior of people in different cultures (similarities/differences)
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v. Humans are animals, animal biology influeces 1. Physiological Psych (old term) -> Behavioral Neuroscience, Behavioral genetics c. Causal Factors i. Environmental stimuli, consequences, prior learning ii. Choice/responsibility, self-actualization, search for meaning iii. Info processing, thoughts/expectations, memory iv. (Social) norms, socialization, cross-cultural studies v. brain processes, hormones, genes, evolution d. Perspectives cognitive, sociocultural, and biological are dominant views in modern psychology 10/2/06 Studying Behavior 1. Scientific Attitudes a. Curiosity (passionate) b. Healthy Skepticism i. “What is your evidence?” ii. What are the reasons? iii. Plausible Alternative Explanations iv. Skepticism does not equal negativism 1. Chances should be less than 5% chance it would work on its own c. Exploratory 2. Research Process a. Kitty Genovese Murder (1964) (KGM) i. Media said “bystander apathy” is why they didn’t call police till too late ii. Darley & Latane 1. Conducted research triggered by Kitty Genovese Murder 2. b. Joseph Goldberger – Pellagra disease (GP) i. Disease Killing 100000 americans/year in early 1900s, mostly southern states ii. Hypothesized to be some kind of microorganism through unsanitary water 1. Goldberger skeptical, think it is diet a. Prison Study i. Group 1 normal diet ii. Group 2 imbalanced diet (High carb, low vegetable) 1. Pellagra, but then switched to normal diet, pellagra disappeared 2. Found later that it is caused by deficiency in Niacin (Vitamin B) c. Research process part 1: Initial Observation/Question i. Form question based on observation 1. KGM – Why did no one help 2. GP – What causes disease, how to prevent?
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