Reading Guide #21

Reading Guide#21

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Unformatted text preview: as “Baconian” indicating that they were first described by the late 16th and early 17th century philosopher Francis Bacon. As Hull also mentions, the methods of scientific reasoning that Bacon advocates, although certainly based on empirical observation, were not really what most 19th century scientists were referring to when they advocated the “inductive method” followed by Newton. Hull also points to the fact that different writers used terms “inductive” or “induction” in different ways, thus complicating our understanding of the criticisms of Darwin. However, in these readings, all the authors are fairly consistent in their use of the “inductive method” in referring to a style of scientific reasoning. They mean that a scientist is using induction property when he or she develops laws and theories through some process of generalization from what he or she observes and not through mere conjecture of hypotheses, even if those conjectures are capable of explaining the phenomena. Without an accompanying account of the generalizing inductive step...
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This document was uploaded on 11/11/2013.

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